Rethinking the notion of employer for the gig-economy

On the example of platform work in the transportation sector: Russian and EU experience compared

Olga Chesalina, Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy

Platforms have adopted specific procedures to avoid the classification of platform workers as employees, e.g., by involving partner companies. Due to the formal approach of the Russian courts concerning the existence of an employment relationship, both the platform and the partner company could escape responsibility. Which new approaches and measures are required to prevent circumvention of labour and social law regulations by platforms? What can be learned from the EU experience, where first cases concerning the classification of platform workers were decided by the courts?